VIN Decode – explanation and example

VIN number

VIN decode

First digit: Country of manufacture

1|4|5 USA L China
2 Canada M India | Indonesia | Thailand
3 Mexico | Cayman Islands N Pakistan | Turkey
6 Australia P Philippines | Singapore | Malaysia
7 New Zinland R Taiwan | Vietnam
8 Argentina | Chile | Ecuador | Peru S United Kingdom | Germany
9 Brazil | Colombia | Paraguay T Switzerland | Hungary | Portugal
A South Africa | Ivory Coast U Denmark | Ireland| Romania
B Angola | Kenya | Tanzania V Austria | France | Spain | Croatia
C Benin | Madagascar | Tunisia W Germany
D Egypt | Morocco| Zambia X Bulgaria | Greece | Russia
F Ghana | Nigeria Y Belgium | Sweden | Norway
J Japan Z Italy | Slovenia
K Sri Lanka | Israel | Korea    

Second Digit: Manufacturer

A Audi, Jaguar, or Mitsubishi Hyundai N Nissan Kia
B BMW or Dodge M Mitsubishi Chevrolet
C Chrysler R Audi
D Mercedes-Benz T Toyota or Lexus
F Ford or Subaru V Volkswagen (VW) or Volvo
G General Motors 1 Chevrolet
H Honda or Acura 4 Buick
J Jeep 6 Cadillac

Third Digit: Vehicle Type.

The third digit indicates manufacture division.

Digits 1-3 together complete the "World Manufacturer Identifier", which indicates which division of what manufacturer built this vehicle and where.
example: 8AJ - Toyota Argentina.

Digit 4-9: Vehicle Description Section

4th-8th - Model and body type:

Digits 4-8 indicate the vehicle model, body type, transmission, engine type, and more.

9th - Check digit:

Department of transportation developed a formula to check invalid VIN by the 9th check digit.

10th Digit - Year

Code Year Code Year Code Year Code Year
A 1980 L 1990 Y 2000 A 2010
B 1981 M 1991 1 2001 B 2011
C 1982 N 1992 2 2002 C 2012
D 1983 P 1993 3 2003 D 2013
E 1984 R 1994 4 2004 E 2014
F 1985 S 1995 5 2005 F 2015
G 1986 T 1996 6 2006 G 2016
H 1987 V 1997 7 2007 H 2017
J 1988 W 1998 8 2008 J 2018
K 1989 X 1999 9 2009 K 2019

11th Digit - Plant Code:

Another indication that encodes the factory of manufacture of the vehicle.

12th-17th Digit - Serial Number:

A unique set of numbers to identify a specific vehicle that left the manufacturing floor. These are the numbers used to follow the vehicle history, parts and any other unique information.